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Exports

Description: 

The exporting of goods and services is a significant driver of the U.S. economy. However, since the value of imports has exceeded exports for many years, the nation has a trade deficit. In states, exports also are an important economic driver, but international exports and exports to other states have a comparable impact on the state’s economy. Similarly, imports from other states or countries have a comparable impact on a state’s economy, causing money to leave the state. However, if a state has an international port, the portion of international imports and exports that pass through a state result in economic activity in the state.

Exports by state are limited to commodities, divided between manufactured goods, other goods (such as agricultural and mining commodities), and “re-exports.” Commodities imported into the United States that are processed in the United States and then exported are placed in the re-export category. Exports of services are not included in the state totals.

The export data by state are available back to 1996. Substate data are not available. Though monthly data are available, calendar year totals are featured on Arizona Indicators. The data are adjusted for inflation. In order to compare Arizona to the nation, the value of exports as a percentage of gross domestic product (GDP) is calculated.

Data Source: 

U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau: http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/statistics/state/. Total exports are obtained from “Origin of Movement Exports, Origin state-based.” Commodity and country data are from “Imports and Exports.” These data are limited to the top 25 commodities and top 25 countries since 2007; complete data can be purchased from the Census Bureau. The commodities are categorized by the “Harmonized System,” not by the North American Industry Classification System.

The U. S. Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Economic Analysis produces gross domestic product by state http://www.bea.gov/regional/index.htm and the national GDP deflator http://www.bea.gov/national/index.htm#gdp. Click on the “Interactive Tables” link; the GDP deflator is in Table 1.1.9 (Section 1: Domestic Product and Income).

Data Quality Comments: 

The export data do not necessarily reflect commodities manufactured, grown or mined in a state. Instead, the export data reflect the transportation origin—the state from which merchandise begins its journey to the port of export. However, if shipments are consolidated, the consolidated shipment is assigned to the state where the consolidation occurred. Because of these limitations and significant limitations in the import data, a trade balance (exports less imports) by state should not be computed.

iconExports from Arizona in Millions of Inflation-Adjusted (2012) Dollars

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Visualization Notes:

The inflation-adjusted dollar value of Arizona’s exports fell sharply in 2009 but has increased in each year since then. However, the 2012 value remained lower than in several earlier years. In particular, the exports of manufactures remained considerably below historical levels.

iconExports as a Percentage of Gross Domestic Product

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Visualization Notes:

Though export data exist for 2012, the latest gross domestic product data are for 2011.

As a share of gross domestic product, exports of manufactured commodities were higher in Arizona than the national average through 2004 but have been lower since. In 2011, national exports of manufactured goods relative to GDP set a record but Arizona’s figure was not much above the 2009 recessionary low.

In contrast, exports of other commodities from Arizona have followed the national trend, with the share of GDP being close to the U.S. average. Re-exports as a share of GDP have been higher in Arizona than the nation, probably due to the maquiladora program, in which manufacturing facilities in northern Mexico are paired with facilities in Arizona.

iconExports from Arizona to Major Destinations in Millions of Inflation-Adjusted (2012) Dollars

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Visualization Notes:

One-third of the exports from Arizona go to Mexico; Canada ranks second and China third. The real value of exports to Mexico has rebounded substantially from the recessionary lows of 2009.

iconExports from Arizona of Major Commodities in Millions of Inflation-Adjusted (2012) Dollars

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Visualization Notes:

With commodity exports classified into a large number of categories, no single category accounts for a large share of the total. However, the value of civilian aircraft was by far the largest of any category in 2012, accounting for 11.9 percent of the total. Four of the other top exported commodities come from the high-technology electronics industry, but gains in these categories in recent years have not been substantial. In contrast, the value of copper ore exports rose again in 2012 following a large increase in 2011.

Data Source

U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau: http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/statistics/state/. Total exports are obtained from “Origin of Movement Exports, Origin state-based.” Commodity and country data are from “Imports and Exports.” These data are limited to the top 25 commodities and top 25 countries since 2007; complete data can be purchased from the Census Bureau. The commodities are categorized by the “Harmonized System,” not by the North American Industry Classification System.

The U. S. Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Economic Analysis produces gross domestic product by state http://www.bea.gov/regional/index.htm and the national GDP deflator http://www.bea.gov/national/index.htm#gdp. Click on the “Interactive Tables” link; the GDP deflator is in Table 1.1.9 (Section 1: Domestic Product and Income).