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Imports

Description: 

The exporting of goods and services is a significant driver of the U.S. economy. However, since the value of imports has exceeded exports for many years, the nation has a trade deficit. In states, exports also are an important economic driver, but international exports and exports to other states have a comparable impact on the state’s economy. Similarly, imports from other states or countries have a comparable impact on a state’s economy, causing money to leave the state. However, if a state has an international port, the portion of international imports and exports that pass through a state result in economic activity in the state.

Imports by state are limited to commodities, divided between manufactured goods and other goods, such as agricultural and mining commodities. Imports of services are not included in the state totals.

The import data by state are available only back to 2008. Substate data are not available. Though monthly data are available, calendar year totals are featured on Arizona Indicators. The data are adjusted for inflation. In order to compare Arizona to the nation, the value of imports as a percentage of gross domestic product (GDP) is calculated.

Data Source: 

U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau: http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/statistics/state/. Total imports are obtained from “Imports, State of Destination.” Commodity and country data are from “Imports and Exports.” These data are limited to the top 25 commodities and top 25 countries; complete data can be purchased from the Census Bureau. The commodities are categorized by the “Harmonized System,” not by the North American Industry Classification System.

The U. S. Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Economic Analysis produces gross domestic product by state http://www.bea.gov/regional/index.htm and the national GDP deflator http://www.bea.gov/national/index.htm#gdp. Click on the “Interactive Tables” link; the GDP deflator is in Table 1.1.9 (Section 1: Domestic Product and Income).

Data Quality Comments: 

The value of imports cannot always be assigned by state. If a shipment is destined for multiple states, all of the shipment is assigned to the state with the greatest value. If the destination is unknown, the value is assigned to the state of the ultimate consignee or the state where the entry is filed. Because of these limitations and certain limitations in the export data, a trade balance (exports less imports) by state should not be computed.

iconImports to Arizona in Millions of Inflation-Adjusted (2011) Dollars

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Visualization Notes:

The inflation-adjusted dollar value of imports to Arizona dropped during 2009 but has increased in each year since then. Manufactured commodities dominate the imports.

iconImports as a Percentage of Gross Domestic Product

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Visualization Notes:

Though import data exist for 2012, the latest gross domestic product data are for 2011.

Imports to Arizona as a share of the state’s GDP dropped in 2009 but rose in 2010 and 2011 for both manufactured goods and other commodities. While the share of GDP in Arizona is less than half of the national average, one should not conclude that the state receives few imports. Instead, the Arizona figure likely is understated since shipments that are destined for multiple states are entirely assigned to the largest destination.

iconImports to Arizona from Major Sources in Millions of Inflation-Adjusted (2012) Dollars

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Visualization Notes:

Note: Countries Ranked by 2009-to-2011 Sum

More than one-third of the imports to Arizona in 2012 came from Mexico; half came from Mexico and China combined. In each of the last three years, the inflation-adjusted value of imports from Mexico, China, Canada, and Malaysia rose from the recessionary lows.

iconImports to Arizona of Major Commodities in Millions of Inflation-Adjusted (2011) Dollars

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Visualization Notes:

With commodity imports classified into a large number of categories, no single category accounts for a large share of the total. The values in some categories range widely from year to year. In 2012, the value of photosensitive semiconductors was the largest of any category, accounting for 4.6 percent of the total, followed by electronic processors and controllers, and tomatoes. Most of the top 25 import categories are manufactured goods related to electronics and aircraft or foodstuffs.

Data Source

U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau: http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/statistics/state/. Total imports are obtained from “Imports, State of Destination.” Commodity and country data are from “Imports and Exports.” These data are limited to the top 25 commodities and top 25 countries; complete data can be purchased from the Census Bureau. The commodities are categorized by the “Harmonized System,” not by the North American Industry Classification System.

The U. S. Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Economic Analysis produces gross domestic product by state http://www.bea.gov/regional/index.htm and the national GDP deflator http://www.bea.gov/national/index.htm#gdp. Click on the “Interactive Tables” link; the GDP deflator is in Table 1.1.9 (Section 1: Domestic Product and Income).