Skip to Navigation
share:

Occupational Composition

Description: 

In conjunction with a per employee economic measure, the occupational composition combined with the industrial composition provides information on the quality of jobs in a region.

The occupational composition as displayed on Arizona Indicators is expressed as the share of total wage and salary employment contributed by each of 22 occupational groups. The occupational composition is displayed for Arizona and for the nation for the latest year. The median wage by occupational group also is presented. A diverse occupational composition with disproportionate shares in groups with a high median wage is the ideal.

Occupational employment and wage data are collected annually via a survey of employers; only wage and salary employees are included. The survey is conducted semiannually on a three-year cycle, with one-third of the survey data collected each year. For example, the data labeled as May 2014 include information collected during early 2014, each period of 2013 and 2012, and late 2011.

Data Source: 

U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment Survey: http://www.bls.gov/oes/. The data are released one year after the survey date. Produced in cooperation with the Arizona Department of Administration’s Office of Employment and Population Statistics, the occupational data also are available at https://laborstats.az.gov/occupational-employment-statistics.

Data Quality Comments: 

The data are subject to sampling error. Because of the sample design, comparisons over time should use three-year intervals.

iconOccupational Group Share of Total Employment in Arizona, 2013

Loading Data...

Visualization Notes:

Note: Occupational groups are listed in order of the median wage in the United States

In 19 of the 22 occupational groups, the share of total wage and salary employment in Arizona ranges from 0.5 percent to 5.9 percent. Three groups are substantially larger than the others: office and administrative support, sales, and food preparation and serving. The median wage in each of these three groups is below the overall median, including differentials of 45 percent in food preparation and serving and 25 percent in sales.

iconOccupational Group Share of Total Employment, Arizona Less the National Average, 2013

Loading Data...

Visualization Notes:

Note: Occupational groups are listed in order of the median wage in the United States

A diverse occupational composition, but with disproportionately large shares in high-paying occupational groups, could be considered to be the ideal composition. The occupational composition in Arizona is somewhat different from the national average. The largest differentials, positive and negative, are in groups — office and administrative support, sales, production, and transportation and material moving — in which the median wage is below the overall median. Otherwise, Arizona’s shares are a little above the national average in the five lowest-paying groups. The result is an overall occupational mix that is slightly tilted toward lower-wage jobs.

iconMedian Wage by Occupational Group in Arizona, 2013

Loading Data...

Visualization Notes:

Note: Occupational groups are listed in order of the median wage in the United States.

Multiplying Arizona’s overall median hourly wage of $16.43 by 2,080 hours (40 hours per week for 52 weeks) results in an annual median wage of $34,174 in 2013. The median wage varies widely by occupational group — from less than $19,000 in the food preparation and serving, and farming groups to more than $87,000 in the management group — due to several factors. The major factor is that the nature of the typical job varies widely by occupational group. In particular, wages are highly correlated to educational attainment; the percentage of jobs requiring a university degree differs considerably by group. For example, most jobs classified in the highest-paying group require a bachelor’s or advanced degree, while few jobs categorized in the two lowest-paying groups require a college degree.

iconMedian Wage by Occupational Group, Arizona Less the National Average, 2013

Loading Data...

Visualization Notes:

Note: Occupational groups are listed in order of the median wage in the United States

Arizona’s overall median wage, as estimated by the occupational employment survey, was only 2.6 percent less than the national average in 2013. In 17 of the 22 occupational groups, the median wage in Arizona was less than the national average, including differentials of at least 13 percent in three groups. In contrast, the median in Arizona was at least 8 percent more than the U.S. average in three groups.

The wage differences by group between Arizona and the nation are strongly affected by the occupational mix within a group. For example, Arizona has few large corporate headquarters, so it has fewer very highly paid corporate executives than average, putting the median wage in the management group considerably below the national average.

Data Source

U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment Survey: http://www.bls.gov/oes/. The data are released one year after the survey date. Produced in cooperation with the Arizona Department of Administration’s Office of Employment and Population Statistics, the occupational data also are available at https://laborstats.az.gov/occupational-employment-statistics.