Academic Research and Development Funding Per $1 Million of Gross Domestic Product by Source
The federal government is the largest source of academic R&D funding. Federal R&D funding per $1 million of GDP in Arizona has been less than the national average except in four years, most recently 1995. The Arizona figure was 29 percent below average in 2007. The 2013 differential was 16 percent. Institutional funding is the second largest source of academic R&D funding. Per $1 million of GDP, institutional R&D funding in Arizona has been greater than the national average since 1980, with very large differentials from 1984 into the 2000s. In 2013, Arizona’s figure was 26 percent higher than the national average.
The amount of academic R&D funding from state and local governments, industry, and other sources is considerably less than that from the federal government and institutions. Industry funding per $1 million of GDP was higher in Arizona than the national average from 1973 through 1995 and again from 2003 to 2006. However, the 2013 figure was 54 percent less than the national average. Funding from state and local governments in Arizona was 2.5-to-3 times as high as the national average between 1972 and 1983 but a precipitous decline in Arizona in 1984 put the value below average. Arizona’s figure in 2013 was 26 percent below average. Funding from other sources fluctuated in Arizona through 1993 but generally was close to the national figure. From 1995 through 2005, Arizona’s figure was far less than the national average. Since then, Arizona’s figure has fluctuated. In 2013, Arizona’s figure was 35 percent above average.