Exports as a Percentage of Gross Domestic Product
Total exports as a share of gross domestic product was higher in Arizona than the U.S. average through 2004, but has been lower since 2007, as the national figure has climbed while the share in Arizona fell in the late 1990s and has since been flat. Manufactured commodities account for the bulk of exports; the annual pattern for manufactures has been similar to the total in Arizona and the nation.
In contrast, exports of other commodities from Arizona have followed the nation’s rising trend, with the share of GDP being close to the U.S. average through 2012 and higher since then. Re-exports as a share of GDP have been higher in Arizona than the nation, probably due to the maquiladora program, in which manufacturing facilities in northern Mexico are paired with facilities in Arizona. The re-export share has climbed since 1999 nationally and in Arizona.