Implied Net Migration by Age in Arizona Counties with Medium-High Rates, 2000 to 2010 Rate Based on 2000 County Population
Considerable variations in the age pattern of the migration rate exist across Arizona’s counties. Most counties experienced net out-migration of those from age 18 to 24 at the time of the move. A lack of job opportunities and youths leaving for higher education, job training, or to join the military are among the reasons for the net outflow in the years after graduating from high school. In contrast, the net migration rates in this age group were the highest of any age groups in Coconino, Maricopa, and Pima counties, each of which has a major university. In addition, job opportunities are much greater in Maricopa and Pima counties than in most of the rest of the state.
In most of the other counties, the net migration rate was highest among those approaching and reaching traditional retirement age (those from their 50s through mid-60s at the time of the move). In contrast, net out migration of the elderly occurs in all counties, but particularly those outside the major urban areas. This migration is driven by health care needs: to be close to major medical facilities and/or to be close to family.